21st Century Skills
- Nonacademic skills that are important for success in school, career, and life.
- “The 504 Plan is a plan developed to ensure that a child who has a disability identified under the law and is attending an elementary or secondary educational institution receives accommodations that will ensure their academic success and access to the learning environment.” It is not the same as an IEP, and students do not have to meet the same eligibility criteria.
- The difference in test scores between one subgroup and one or more other subgroups. Typically talked about in terms of ethnicity and/or socioeconomic status.
Achievement Loss (or Learning Loss)
- A term representing the dip in scores many students experience over the summer when they are not in school or when moving from one learning environment to another.
Authentic Intellectual Work (AIW)
- An instructional movement focusing on rigor and teacher group development and scoring of performance tasks.
- A general movement focusing on nonacademic elements, including social/emotional elements.
Common Core/Iowa Core/Core
- Having a national core curriculum—providing similarity across different areas—is a dream of some (and a nightmare to others). The Common Core is a current movement that provides that. Note: it is voluntary and not all states subscribe. The Iowa Core is Iowa’s version.
Common Assessments (sometimes common formative assessments and end of course assessments)
- An important element of many contemporary instructional approaches.
- Common Formative Assessment (CFA)
- Common Summative Assessment (CSA)
Competency-based learning/Competency-based education
- Where students move on based on performance rather than time.
- Teaching with more than one teacher in the room. The origin is a special education teacher with a general education teacher.
Comprehensive School Improvement Plan (CSIP)
- Iowa’s required school improvement approach that includes annual reporting.
- Being able to work with students from other cultures.
Curriculum-Based Measurement (CBM) Reading
- CBM Reading is an overall measure of reading skills where the student reads aloud a story for one minute. The teacher records the number of words the student reads correctly along with reading accuracy. CBM Reading provides an overall indication of how well the student is reading and is related to other reading skills like decoding, vocabulary, and comprehension.
- Like a dial or gauge on a car dashboard, gives a quick read on one or more metrics.
- A school-level group that processes data and recommends actions based on them.
- Tracking and using student-level data by posting it on a wall for viability and access.
Depth of Knowledge (DOK)
- A way of charactering learning objectives by how much mental processing they require. Used in the Iowa Core.
- Adapting instruction to meet the needs of different students.
- Digital Literacy is the ability to use information and communication technologies to find, evaluate, create, and communicate information, requiring both cognitive and technical skills.
DINA (District In Need of Improvement)
- A district not meeting Annual Yearly Progress goals as were defined under NCLB (No Child Left Behind).
DiSC Profile (DiSC)
- A personality assessment system.
English Language Learner (ELL)
- “English-language learners, or ELLs, are students who are unable to communicate fluently or learn effectively in English, who often come from non-English-speaking homes and backgrounds, and who typically require specialized or modified instruction in both the English language and in their academic courses.”
ESSA (Every Student Succeeds Act)
- The currently active replacement for No Child Left Behind (itself a reauthorization of ESEA—Elementary and Secondary Education Act—federal legislation on general education).
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST)
- The state of Iowa's universal screening assessment and progress monitoring assessment for Kindergarten through Sixth grade students.
Free and Reduced Lunch (FRL)
- A federal program providing lunch to students for free or reduced price based on their family meeting the eligibility criteria (primarily family size combined with income). Often used as an indicator of socioeconomic status.
Gaming-Based Learning (GBL)
- Doing or enhancing instruction through the use of games.
Gradual Release of Responsibility
- Another term for scaffolded instruction, sometimes summarized as “I do it, we do it, you do it.”
I Can Statement
- Learning objectives written in student-friendly language.
IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Act)
- “The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a law that makes available a free appropriate public education to eligible children with disabilities throughout the nation and ensures special education and related services to those children.”
IEP (Individualized Education Plan)
- “An Individualized Education Program (IEP) is a written statement of the educational program designed to meet a child’s individual needs. Every child who receives special education services must have an IEP.”
- “The term inclusion captures, in one word, an all-embracing societal ideology. Regarding individuals with disabilities and special education, inclusion secures opportunities for students with disabilities to learn alongside their non-disabled peers in general education classrooms.”
Individual Growth and Development Indicators (IGDI)
- The state of Iowa's universal screening assessment for preschool four-year old children.
Instructional Decision Making (IDM)
- A model for using data to make decisions.
- Students learn by working through research projects.
Iowa Core/Common Core/Core
- The Iowa Core Curriculum (ICC) is a current movement in Iowa to establish common core standards for each of the content areas. The Common Core is a movement to establish a national core curriculum. Note: It is voluntary and not all states subscribe.
Instructional Practices Inventory (IPI)
Leader in Me
- A character education and leadership model developed and run by FranklinCovey. Note: the Cedar Valley has one of the premier programs in the world.
Limited English Proficiency (LEP)
- “Individuals who do not speak English as their primary language and who have a limited ability to read, speak, write, or understand English can be limited English proficient, or "LEP." These individuals may be entitled language assistance with respect to a particular type or service, benefit, or encounter.”
LRE (least restrictive environment)
- Students with special educational needs must be educated in the least restrictive environment they can be according to IDEA, in general education classrooms if possible.
Mentor Violence Prevention (MVP)
Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS)
- Educational system used to support all students in the schools. The system uses differed "Tiers" of support. All students get Tier 1 instruction/support, a subset receive Tier 2, and only a small number with the greatest needs receive Tier 3 supports.
NCLB (No Child Left Behind)
- The 2000 reauthorization of Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). Recently superseded by Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA).
- When Special Education services classify students by actual needs rather than by disability-status categories. It is the law in Iowa.
One-to-One Computing (1:1)
- Each student has their own computing device to learn with.
PARCC (Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers)
- Along with Smarter Balanced, a national assessment consortium creating new tests.
PD (professional development)
- Professional development for teachers; a big priority for schools today.
Persistently Low Achieving (PLA)
- Schools that fail to meet federal requirements over years.
Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS)
- A school-wide model to proactively teach and encourage appropriate behavior.
Problem/Project Based Learning (PBL)
- Students learn by working on open-ended problems.
Professional Learning Community (PLC)
- Where teachers work together in groups to improve student learning by attending to data and their practices. One of the most used terms in education today.
- “A resource room is a separate, remedial classroom in a school where students with educational disabilities, such as specific learning disabilities, are given direct, specialized instruction and academic remediation and assistance with homework and related assignments as individuals or in groups.”
Response to Intervention (RtI)
- “Response to Intervention (RTI) is a multi-tier approach to the early identification and support of students with learning and behavior needs.”
Rigor and Relevance
- “The Rigor/Relevance Framework is a tool developed by the International Center to examine curriculum, instruction, and assessment along the two dimensions of higher standards and student achievement.”
- “Scripted curriculum is a prescriptive form of standardized, prepackaged lessons that requires teachers to read aloud from a teaching script in class.”
SES (Socioeconomic Status)
- “Socioeconomic status is the social standing or class of an individual or group. It is often measured as a combination of education, income and occupation. “
- Teaching ELL students through combining language and content instruction.
SINA (school in need of assistance)
- A School In Need of Assistance based on not meeting AYP from NCLB. The term is phasing out as ESSA takes over, although there will still be schools receiving extra support.
Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium
- Creating new assessments at a national level tied to the Common Core that can be used to meet accountability requirements.
- Goals that are Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic (or Relevant), and Time-bound .
Standards Based Grading (SBG)—also Standards Referenced Grading, etc.
- A grading approach where the focus is on what students can do versus points earned. Has broader implications for instruction, learning, and assessment.
Teach with Your Strengths
- The suggestion that teachers can best reach students by finding their talent(s) and working from there, based on the book Teach with Your Strengths: How Great Teachers Inspire Their Students (Liesveld & Miller, Gallup Press).
Teacher Leader Compensation Program (TLC)
- An Iowa program that provides funding for schools to create and compensate more Teacher Leader positions.
- “Title I, Part A (Title I) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended (ESEA) provides financial assistance to local educational agencies (LEAs) and schools with high numbers or high percentages of children from low-income families to help ensure that all children meet challenging state academic standards. Federal funds are currently allocated through four statutory formulas that are based primarily on census poverty estimates and the cost of education in each state.”
- See 21st Century Skills.
Universal Design for Learning (UDL)
- Universal design for learning (UDL) is a framework to improve and optimize teaching and learning for all people based on scientific insights into how humans learn. This framework attempts to remove barriers to instruction, allowing all students to have access to learning and the curriculum. UDL gives students choices on how to express what they have learned, how they access what they need to learn, and how they are tied to their learning by choosing topics that interest them.
- Concern for aspects of the student going beyond the traditional academic (such as physical, social-emotional, etc.).
- An instructional approach where the focus is on students activity rather than teacher talk.